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Vignole island

The island of Vignole fits into the north east lagoon not far from Venice and south of St. Erasmo and is separated from the island of Certosa and the island of Sant'Andrea by two waterways.

In antiquity the island was popular as a holiday resort and, following Martial, hosted luxurious guest residences of nobles by Altino. At that time the Vignole were directly bathed by the waters of the Adriatic Sea as Punta Sabbioni had not yet formed. The island was also known with the names of Biniola and Seven Vigne Island.

In the seventh century two tribunes of Torcello decided to build a small church dedicated to St. John the Baptist and Santa Giustina. Of this building today, there is a chapel dedicated to St. Erosia and a bell tower.
Much later the Serenissima used the Vignole, together with the island of St. Andrea where it was built a fort, as a military garrison (XVI cent.).

The population that currently resides on the island is dedicated to horticulture. The Venetians are accustomed to visit the Vignole on Sunday outings or to reach a famous restaurant.

The island is reached from the Fondamenta Nove stop by vaporetto, line 13.
of boards depicting the Virgin and the Apostles: the marble Pluteus have splendid figures of lions and peacocks on it and probably dates back to the 6th Century; the Main Presbytery Altar is primitive from the 7th Century and contains the vestments of S. Eliodoro, first Bishop of Altino, who transferred here in 635. On the left, on the walls, you can find original inscriptions of the foundation of the Church: this is the oldest document ever written regarding Venetian history. From its six steps, you go up to the Cattedra Vescovile (Bishop’s Pulpit). Under the arch, the original Crypt extends out. The Basin and the Triumphant Arc are covered by mosaic, of which the original icons date back to the 7th Century, but its execution can also be linked to the 11th Century. The VergineTeologa” is represented here, that is the Mother of God (or “Hodegjètria:” a position which she indicates with her hand to the child she’s holding in her arms; a symbol of the one who indicates the way of truth and life) and further below, the line of the 12 Apostles (these are from the school of Ravenna); on the Arc of Triumph the Annunciation (Byzantium). The mosaics of the lateral right arch were inspired by those of the presbytery of S. Vitale of Ravenna and were probably carried out around 864, during the era of Bishop Adeodato. On the opposite wall, you can find a wonderful mosaic, depicting complex figures of the Apotheosis of Christ and the Universal Judgement, which dates back to the 12th/13th Centuries. On the upper part, there’s a scene depicting the Descent to the state of Limbo and two marvellous Archangels. Together the overall style has an immense narrative/ didactic value. It’s divided in 6 areas from the top:
1) Christ on the cross between the Virgin and St. John2) the Descent of Christ to the state of Limbo (Christ breaks down the doors of hell and the dead rise from their graves, Christ is holding Adam’s arm, behind you can see Eve and two Kings), with the two Archangels Michael and Gabriel. – 3) Christ in Glory in the Mandorla of light between the Virgin, S. John the Baptist, the Apostles and Saints4) l’Etoimasia on the prepared throne, you can see the open book of the Sacred Scriptures (symbol of the presence of God awaiting the Final Judgement), Adam, Eve and the Angels are all kneeling with smaller angels – 5) above the door: The Archangel Michael weighs the souls with scales and the Devil puts those who belong to him in his haversack/ on the right sits Lucifer in a stream of fire/on the left the chosen – 6) on the right, the damned and the various infernal punishments, on the left various scenes, amongst which St. Peter at the door of Paradise.

  - Next to the Cathedral, the religious settlement is completed by the Chiesa di S. Fosca: constructed on a central plan (reminiscent of an old paleo-christian martyrium of the 11th/12th Centuries, with an external Porch on five sides, the central arch is pentagonal shaped. The Interior, characterized by soberness and spirituality of the ambience, is set out like a Greek cross with three naves; the planned central dome was substituted by wooden coverage.

- In the two Council Palaces and in the Archives, you can find the home of the Lapidarium (Lapidary) discovered during archaeological digs carried out on the island and the History Museum of Estuario

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