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In the seventh century two tribunes of Torcello decided to build a small church dedicated to St. John the Baptist and Santa Giustina. Of this building today, there is a chapel dedicated to St. Erosia and a bell tower.
Much later the Serenissima used the Vignole, together with the island of St. Andrea where it was built a fort, as a military garrison (XVI cent.).
The population that currently resides on the island is dedicated to horticulture. The Venetians are accustomed to visit the Vignole on Sunday outings or to reach a famous restaurant.
The island is reached from the Fondamenta Nove stop by vaporetto, line 13.
1) Christ on the cross between the Virgin and St. John – 2) the Descent of Christ to the state of Limbo (Christ breaks down the doors of hell and the dead rise from their graves, Christ is holding Adam’s arm, behind you can see Eve and two Kings), with the two Archangels Michael and Gabriel. – 3) Christ in Glory in the Mandorla of light between the Virgin, S. John the Baptist, the Apostles and Saints – 4) l’Etoimasia on the prepared throne, you can see the open book of the Sacred Scriptures (symbol of the presence of God awaiting the Final Judgement), Adam, Eve and the Angels are all kneeling with smaller angels – 5) above the door: The Archangel Michael weighs the souls with scales and the Devil puts those who belong to him in his haversack/ on the right sits Lucifer in a stream of fire/on the left the chosen – 6) on the right, the damned and the various infernal punishments, on the left various scenes, amongst which St. Peter at the door of Paradise.
- Next to the Cathedral, the religious settlement is completed by the Chiesa di S. Fosca: constructed on a central plan (reminiscent of an old paleo-christian martyrium of the 11th/12th Centuries, with an external Porch on five sides, the central arch is pentagonal shaped. The Interior, characterized by soberness and spirituality of the ambience, is set out like a Greek cross with three naves; the planned central dome was substituted by wooden coverage.
- In the two Council Palaces and in the Archives, you can find the home of the Lapidarium (Lapidary) discovered during archaeological digs carried out on the island and the History Museum of Estuario
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